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A recent global trend in labour administration is the renewed fight against child labour, forced labour, modern slavery and human trafficking. This objective is encapsulated in the Alliance 8.7, an initiative of the International Labour Organisation (ILO), which seeks to end child labour and modern slavery. The global alliance, which was launched at the Ford Foundation on September 21, 2016, builds on the momentum created by the United Nations’ 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The initiative also helps to advance other sustainable development goals, including poverty eradication, education and gender equality.
According to the ILO, an estimated 180 million children work in the worst forms of child labour, including hazardous work, slavery, forced labour, commercial sexual exploitation and illicit activities.ILO defines child labour as work that is physically, mentally, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children and which interferes with their schooling by depriving them of the opportunity to attend school; obliging them to leave school prematurely, or requiring them to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work. It is widely believed that one of the worst forms of abuse and exploitation of children is child labour as it is detrimental to a child’s physical and mental development.
Poverty is believed to be the root cause of child labour. Therefore, it is more prevalent in Africa and Asia, which account for over 90percent of total child employment and where abject poverty is widespread.
In November 2017, ILO unfolded four key policy pillars in efforts at ending child labour across the globe by 2025. These include boosting legal protections, improving the governance of labour markets and family enterprises, strengthening social protection and investing in free, quality education. It urged governments to step up efforts at ending child labour.
Nigeria has since joined … Read More...