Global strategy on Child Labour elimination: The Oyo State example

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A recent global trend in labour administration is the renewed fight against child labour, forced labour, modern slavery and human trafficking. This objective is encapsulated in the Alliance 8.7, an initiative of the International Labour Organisation (ILO), which seeks to end child labour and modern slavery. The global alliance, which was launched at the Ford Foundation on September 21, 2016, builds on the momentum created by the United Nations’ 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The initiative also helps to advance other sustainable development goals, including poverty eradication, education and gender equality.

According to the ILO, an estimated 180 million children work in the worst forms of child labour, including hazardous work, slavery, forced labour, commercial sexual exploitation and illicit activities.ILO defines child labour as work that is physically, mentally, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children and which interferes with their schooling by depriving them of the opportunity to attend school; obliging them to leave school prematurely, or requiring them to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy workIt is widely believed that one of the worst forms of abuse and exploitation of children is child labour as it is detrimental to a child’s physical and mental development.

Poverty is believed to be the root cause of child labour. Therefore, it is more prevalent in Africa and Asia, which account for over 90percent of total child employment and where abject poverty is widespread.

In November 2017, ILO unfolded four key policy pillars in efforts at ending child labour across the globe by 2025. These include boosting legal protections, improving the governance of labour markets and family enterprises, strengthening social protection and investing in free, quality education. It urged governments to step up efforts at ending child labour.

Nigeria has since joined

Nigeria seeks more collaboration with US to tackle child labour

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The Minister of Labour and Employment Chris Ngige, has solicited more partnership with the United States Government in the elimination of child labour, forced labour, modern slavery and human trafficking in Nigeria.

He stated this when he received on a courtesy visit, the International Relations Officer, Africa Division Office of Child Labour, Forced Labour and Human Trafficking, United States Department of Labour, Honore Tchou, in his office, a statement issued on Wednesday by Assistant Director of Press, Rhoda Illiya, said.

According to the Minister who was represented by the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry, William Alo, “Child Labour and Forced Labour issues in the country have been receiving attention from the government of Nigeria but more concerted efforts and actions are required. The Federal Government has done a lot to fight against child labour such as the ratification of the United Nations Convention on rights of the child in 1999, which was domesticated in 2003 through the passage into law of the child’s Rights Act (CRA2003) by an act of parliament.

“Equally, on the 13th of December 2000, Nigeria became a signatory to the Transnational Organized Crime (TOC) Convention and its Trafficking in Persons Protocol. And Article 5 of the United Nations Protocol enjoins State parties to criminalize practices and conducts that subject human beings to all forms of exploitation which includes, in the minimum, sexual and labour exploitation.”

Speaking Further, the Minister said that “it is gratifying to note that the government has made frantic efforts at combating the scourge through the establishment of the National Agency for Prohibition of Trafficking in persons (NAPTIP) by an act of Parliament which came into being on 8th of August,2003, an Agency which is the creation of Trafficking in persons (Prohibition) Enforcement and Administration Act (TIPPEA) 2015 … Read More...