Stress, economic hardship, failing marriages link to rising suicide in Nigeria – Experts

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Breakdown in the ability to deal with life stresses, economic hardship, relationship break-ups and mental health are among the factors speeding upsuicidal cases in Nigerians at the moment.

“Nigeria ranks 71 out of 177 countries accounting for 9.9 suicides per 100,000 populations of deaths annually”, according to data from the 2018 global Suicide rate report by World population review.

Nigeria however, has a disturbing picture to offer. The suicide rates in the country have increased over the last couple of years.

Health experts say that until Nigeria is able to enact the mental health bill, the country might not be able to properly tackle the depression scourge which is one of the reasons for suicide.

Suicide occurs throughout the world, affecting individuals of all nations, cultures, religions, genders and classes. Statistics show that the countries with the highest suicide rates in the world are incredibly diverse.

Owoeye Olugbenga a consultant psychologist and clinical psychologist at Federal Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital Yaba, Lagos, said the criminalisation of suicide was predicated on the Lunacy Law made by colonial leaders.

 “Our lawmakers should review the Mental Health Law in line with what obtains in other countries, especially developed nations. The bill is already with the Senate. They should make provision for the treatment of those who attempt suicide rather than get them arrested.

 “As the law is being repealed, the government should also fund the psychiatry hospitals. There are fewer than 500 psychiatrists nationwide to take care of 180 million people. We even have fewer clinical psychologists and psychiatrist nurses. These are not enough to take care of the psychiatry need of the nation,” Olugbenga says.

Similarly, an industry watcher says in Nigeria, suicide is more of a social and public health objective than a traditional exercise in the mental … Read More...

Nigerians should embrace orthodontic check up to keep healthy smile – Traore-Shumbusho

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Amy Traore-Shumbusho, an orthodontist and founder/chief executive director, Smile 360 Dental Specialists have advised that Nigerians can improve their dental health and the quality of smiles by simply visiting the orthodontist to help prevent orthodontic problems from negatively impacting smile and oral health.

Traore-Shumbusho who gave this disclosure in a press conference organized by  Smile 360 Dental Specialists on Wednesday May 15th to mark the World Orthodontist Day, themed Orthodontist, creating healthy smiles for all ages. She explained that a lot of patients out there do not even know what Orthodontic means.

“We know about dentist, we do not know what or who is Orthodontist. Today, we want to explain and at the same time create awareness who is orthodontist is and what orthodontists do and what are the benefits of orthodontic treatment,” she said.

Orthodontic treatment is a way of straightening or moving teeth, to improve the appearance of the teeth and how they work. It can also help to look after the long-term health of your teeth, gums and jaw joints, by spreading the biting pressure over all your teeth.

According to Traore-Shumbusho the World Health Organisation recommends ratio of 1 to 600 doctors but in Nigeria we have about one to about 3,500. Two years ago, Nigeria has about fifty Orthodontists but it has progressively increased to seventy and the good thing is that the number is increasing but the ratio is ridiculous.

“In Nigeria, we have one Orthodontist attending to three million people; the problem is that those Orthodontists are not busy enough. In as much as we are 70 they are still not busy and that is why we are creating this awareness so that people can know the benefits and consequences of not fixing them,” she said.

Traore-Shumbusho further … Read More...

Hypertension impact becomes extremely important to be aware of – Experts

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As Nigerian joins the rest of the world to celebrate World Hypertension Day on May 17 to promote awareness about hypertension and encourage people to prevent and control this silent killer, experts has said that with changing lifestyles and gender roles, the impact of hypertension can be seen in both men and women. It therefore becomes extremely important to be aware of how high blood pressure affects the body to keep it in control and prevent fatalities.

Hypertension is considered to be a common problem in Nigeria as the country currently ranks 6th in Africa and 50 percent of people with the disease.

Bisi Bright, a public health consultant and CEO Livewell Initiative, said one in every three to five Nigerian is hypertensive.  “The disease can be averted through a healthy lifestyle, eating balanced diet and getting enough sleep. Nigeria is very stressful place so the stress level is very high. This is because of the poor infrastructure and human resource support systems and these results in stressful conditions, “she said.

Despite the condition being so common, people tend to ignore the common signs and symptoms of hypertension. Almost one-third of people who have high blood pressure aren’t aware of the same because high blood pressure often shows no symptoms. This is the reason why high blood pressure is often referred to as a silent killer. Many people are not able to find out that they have high blood pressure until they face problems with their heart, kidney, or brain.

According to Ojo Sikiru, a Lagos based medical practitioner, said regular health check-ups and proper case management under the supervision of a cardiologist can help manage the condition and treat the hypertension.

“Many Nigeria’s present late diagnosis due to asymptomatic state, poor awareness and mass … Read More...

Cancer scourge: Experts call for increased capacity on use of agro-chemicals

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Agriculture experts, following the various reported cases of cancer arising from the use of agro-chemical Glyphosate commonly found in chemicals used by farmers, have called for increased education on proper use of agro-chemicals (fertilizer).

Their renewed call followed several reported cases in the United States of individuals who developed cancer through the use of the popular agro-chemical Glyphosate commonly known as ROUNDUP produced by MONSANTO.

Also, there was a third case of such massive penalty paid by MONSANTO since last year when this chemical was conclusively proven to be carcinogenic, and there are over 15,000 cases of such claims pending in various US courts.

Since the story broke, there have been reports of several companies marketing the chemical in Nigeria under different brand names such as TOUCHDOWN, SAROSATE, WIPEOUT, and there is hardly any commercial farmer that is not using it today in Nigeria.

Emmanuel Ladipo, professor of climatology, university of Lagos, confirmed to BDSUNDAY that there are several agro-chemical products that are carcinogenic and harmful to both health and environment adding that most farmers lack the knowledge of adverse effects of the use of this agro-chemical.

He said the “extent to which people are aware of the possible problems caused by these chemicals is where the problem is, a lot of people, farmers are not aware of adverse effect of the chemical usage until victims are diagnosed”.

Ladipo speaking further, stressed that the government through its health and agriculture agencies should ensure that these chemicals are not used in fragile environment, and encourage caution on the use and handling of agro-chemical products.

“We should encourage labeling on chemicals, users should be cautioned on ways of handling and using the products”.

Adekunle Lawal, vice president, Nigeria agro input dealers association, told BDSUNDAY that there are several … Read More...

Lagos hospital performs liver bypass surgery without open surgery

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Twenty-year-old Tosin Ojelabi became ill in 2015, she was diagnosed of Budd–Chiari which she had been suffering from for three years. In the past, the only way to treat Budd-Chiari syndrome was a large operation with surgery creating “a mesocaval shunt”, a shunt from the big veins in the belly to the inferior vena cava.

Tosin suffered a significant amount of fluid build-up in the abdomen with up to 33 litres drained from the belly monthly and had significant muscle wasting. She simply lived a life none of us want to live. It was then the test revealed that not only did Tosin have the rare disease, but that she badly needed a surgery.

Budd–Chiari syndrome is a disease where there is obstruction of the venous outflow from the liver either at the level of the hepatic veins (blood vessels that carry blood black to the heart). When this obstruction occurs, all the blood coming from the abdominal organs and bowels into the liver have nowhere to go. This results in congestion of the liver and backflow of blood into the abdomen. This pressure results in massive fluid build-up in the abdomen called Ascites.

“We successfully performed the TIPS shunt. The procedure was technically challenging and required modified techniques with thinking outside the box, but the expertise was available to tackle all of this which ensured success,” said the team of surgeons, led by Hammed Ninalowo, Vascular and Interventional Radiologist, at Euracare Multi-Specialist Hospital, in Lagos.

According to the team of surgeons, Budd–Chiari syndrome cause is largely unknown, but is usually attributed to a hyper thrombotic state or a web. “Our patient did well and was discharged home the next morning. This procedure was only previously done with a major operation, which would have required … Read More...