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During the Great Depression, malnutrition was of the leading health issues. Victims of malnutrition are easily vulnerable to ill health. Child nutrition and malnutrition could be a major threat to the population of any society. Its symptoms include weight loss, tiredness, dizziness, brittle nails, constant diarrhea, slow wound healing, bone or joint pain and confusion. Children might become extremely thin, have stunted growth or have a swollen gut.
In Nigeria, the malnutrition situation, especially among children, is quite alarming. According to a UNICEF 2015 report, about 1.7 million severely underfed children are in ominous need of treatment in Nigeria. Experts have, indeed, revealed that malnutrition is a principal cause of death among children in the country. The problem with malnutrition in children is that it leads to diarrhea-related problems which make most children to lose immunity thereby making them vulnerable to any disease attack. Generally, when a child loses immunity, the possibility of losing such a child is high.
A recent study affirms that a great proportion of Nigerian children experience defective growth as a result of malnutrition. Similarly, a data from the Summary of Findings of National Nutrition and Health Survey conducted from 9th February to 5th May, 2014, showed that Nigeria has a stunting incidence of 32 percent among children that are under 5 years and about 21 percent underweight. Another report says that the proportion of children, who are wasted, or too thin for their height in the country, has progressively increased in recent years.
Experts have equally revealed that about 4 out of 5 Nigerian children fall below the WHO’s approval for exclusive breastfeeding during the first 6 months of life, while 70 percent of children ages 6 to 23 months are not receiving the minimum suitable diet. According to a